Pandemic exposes nexus between enviornment, racism
Link between air pollution issues and virus deaths
Isabell Rivera OW Contributor | 9/17/2020, midnight
This pandemic has disproportionally impacted people of colo. The numbers don’t lie. It is no secret that minority groups suffer from more environmental disadvantages and are exposed to higher air pollution than wealthier neighborhoods that include predominantly White Americans.
Researchers have found a link between the high levels of air pollution, as well as a higher risk of death from COVID-19. African- Americans for example, are 1.5 times more likely than the remaining population to be subjected to air pollution caused by cars burning fossil fuels on local freeways.
Poor air quality is the main reason for asthma, heart- and lung disease, as well as a link to COVID-19 related deaths, according to The New York Times (NYT).
Environmental health scientist Sacoby Wilson from the University of Maryland believes that COVID-19 hit the often forgotten portion of society much harder than the wealthy. Confined living spaces were overwhelmed with COVID-19 cases. The disease flowed into senior homes, prisons, meat processing plants, factories and low-income neighborhoods already impacted by pollution.
“One thing that COVID-19 has done, it has made a lot of populations we made invisible, visible,” Wilson said in an interview with Yale Environment 360. “I think it is a slap in the face to many communities affected by environmental injustice because it says, ‘We do not care about you.’”
Reasons for the disparities also include the fact that many low-income families are forced to work because they are afraid they will lose stable income. Many of those families work on the frontline as hospital staff, emergency medical technicians, at factories and meat plants where social distancing is almost impossible.
When it comes to social distancing at home or following proper COVID-19 guidelines, low-income families fall short again because they live together in small spaces and may be unable to afford proper gear, such as facemasks, hand sanitizers, soap, and gloves, according to the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Wilson has been studying environmental justice for more than two decades and explained the connection COVID-19 has with environmental justice.
“In this country, we have structural inequalities that are a major driver of why we see these different social and environmental conditions in communities of color,” Wilson said. “You see these different patterns of land uses, whether it be transportation networks, large highways where you have a lot of traffic, or industrial activity.”
Eight percent of COVID-19 cases are reportedly linked to high exposure to air pollution, according to a new study.
”There’s a recent Harvard study that shows that with long-term exposure to PM2.5 [fine particulate air pollution], there’s an association with higher mortality rates for individuals who had a COVID-19 infection,” Wilson said. “We have a pattern in this country, where communities of color and low-income communities host more of these [heavily polluting] land uses. I think that has played a major role in why we see the disparate impacts of COVID-19 as it relates to morbidity and mortality rates.”
It has a lot to do with how the U.S. regulates environmental guidelines, which are executed unfairly in all ethnic groups and are the cause of environmental injustice.